+ TOP Windows Server Administration Interview Questions – Answers – 21 Comments
Read More Answers. Answer:- The term “forest” is used to describe a collection of AD domains that share a single schema for the AD. All DC’s in the forest share this schema and it is replicated in. C a hierarchical fashion among them. The preferred model for Windows AD is to have an organization use a single forest that spans an entire enterprise.
While not an administrative block by themselves, forests are a major boundary in that only limited communication is available between forests. For example, it is difficult for a user in one forest to access a resource in another forest. It is very difficult to integrate forests at this time because of potential problems reconciling schema differences between two forests.
Answer:- In Windows , a domain defines both an administrative boundary and a security boundary for a collection of objects that are relevant to a specific group of users on a network. A domain is an administrative boundary because administrative privileges do not extend to other domains. It is a security boundary because each domain has a security policy that extends to all security accounts within the domain.
Active Directory stores information about objects in one or more domains. Domains can be organized into parent-child relationships to form a hierarchy. A parent domain is the domain directly superior in the hierarchy to one or more subordinate, or child, domains. A child domain also can be the parent of one or more child domains, as shown below.
Question 4 What is Organizational Units? Answer:- OU’s have many of the attributes of an NT 4 domain. However, instead of requiring server resources to create and support, they are a logical construct within the Active Directory so an OU does not have to support and maintain a domain controller. OU’s are created by an administrator of an AD domain and can be freely named and renamed. The OU can then be populated objects of many types including computers, groups, printers, users and other sub-OU’s.
The real power of an OU is that once it is established, the administrator of its “parent” can delegate administrative authority — in total or in part — to any user or group that is in the AD. Question 5 What is the Group Policy? Group policy allows a bundle of system and user settings called a “Group Policy Object” or GPO to be created by an administrator of a domain or OU and have it automatically pushed down to designated systems.
There are currently over controllable settings. Microsoft has provided some templates as well to provide a starting point for creating policy objects. A significant advantage of group policy over the old NT-style policies is that the changes they make are reversed when the policy no longer applies to a system. In NT 4, once a policy was applied to a system, removing that policy did not by itself roll back the settings that it imposed on the client. With Windows , when a G specified policy no longer applies to a system it will revert to its previous state without administrative interference.
Multiple policies from different sources can be applied to the same object. For example, a domain might have one or more domain-wide policies that apply to all systems in the domain. Below that, systems in an OU can also have policy objects applied to it, and the OU can even be further divided into sub-OU’s with their own lo policies. This can create a very complex web of settings so administrators must be very careful when creating these multiple layers of policy to make sure the end result — which is the union of all of the applicable policies with the “closest” policy taking priority in most cases — is correct for that system.
Answer:- The “empty root domain” is an AD design element that has become increasingly popular at organizations with decentralized IT authority such as universities. The empty root domain acts as a placeholder for the root of Active Directory, and does not typically contain any users or resources that are not required to fulfill this ui roll [sic].
Departmental administrators can work independently of other departments. Individual IT departments retain a significant degree of independence and can control their own d users and resources without having to worry that actions by administrators in other departments will disrupt their domain.
Answer:- Allows domain controllers running both Windows and earlier versions of Windows NT to co-exist in the domain. In mixed mode, the domain features from e previous versions of Windows NT Server are still enabled, while some Windows features are disabled.
Windows Server domains are installed in mixed mode by default. In mixed mode the domain may have Windows NT 4. Nested groups are not supported in mixed mode. C Question 8 What is Native Mode? Answer:- O When all the domain controllers in a given domain are running Windows Server. This mode allows organizations to take advantage of new Active Directory features such as Universal groups, nested group membership, and inter-domain group membership.
M Read More Answers. Answer:- 1. NTFS partition 4. Administrative privilege for creating a domain in existing network Read More Answers. Question 11 How will you verify whether the AD installation is proper?
The in definitions are themselves stored as objects so that Active Directory can manage the schema objects with the same object management operations used for managing the rest of the objects in the directory.
Attributes and classes are also referred to as schema objects or metadata. Attributes are defined separately from classes. Each attribute is defined only once and can be used in multiple classes. For example, the Description attribute is used in many classes, but is.
C defined once in the schema, assuring consistency. Question 14 What is Domain Controller? Answer:- In an Active directory forest, the domain controller is a server that contains a writable copy of the Active Directory Database participates in Active directory replication and controls access to network resource.
Question 15 Define Active Directory? Answer:- An active directory is a directory structure used on Microsoft Windows based computers and servers to store information and data about networks and domains.
Question 16 Why we need Netlogon? Answer:- Maintains a secure channel between this computer and the domain controller for authenticating users and services. If this service is stopped, the computer may not authenticate users and services, and the domain controller cannot register DNS records.
Answer:- Kerberos is a network authentication protocol. Question 18 G Explain What are the standard Port numbers? Answer:- in Scavenging will help you clean up old unused records in DNS. What other folders are related to AD? Each transaction file is 10 megabytes MB. When Edb. O Edb. The checkpoint file act as a pointer that maintains the status between memory and database file on disk.
It indicates the starting point in the log file from which the information must be recovered if a failure occurs. M Res1. The amount of disk space that is reserved on a drive or folder for this log is 20 MB. This reserved disk space provides a sufficient space to shut down if all the other disk space is being used.
And what are the major benefits of using RODCs? Answer:- Read only Domain Controller, organizations can easily deploy a domain controller in locations where physical security cannot be guaranteed.
Answer:- The Sysvol folder on a Windows domain controller is used to replicate file-based data among domain controllers. Answer:- ba 90 minutes give or take. Answer:- Unlimited. Remember, though, that it’s the Administrator account, not any account that’s part of the Administrators group.
Question 27 d What hidden shares exist on Windows Server installation? However, newly created subfolders will inherit this permission. C Read More Answers.
Question 29 Where is GPT stored? Answer:- Group policy template and group policy container. Question 31 Tell me Where are group policies stored?
Question 32 Explain What is the difference between local, global and universal groups? Answer:- Domain local groups assign access permissions to global domain groups for local domain resources.
Windows Server Interview Questions and Answers
Secondly, providing permission access administration for users. What is multimaster replication? Trust relationship allows access between different domains or forest. Remember me on this computer. What is RAID?